Examples on how multimodal texts help to create engaging learning experience for young learners.

Successful training programs should all be designed to ultimately “draw” people’s attention; it’s the foundation for memory and information retention(Banikowski & Mehring, 1999). The various multimodal learning designs below intend to maintain the focus of the learners' attention and improve their understanding.


Place the boxes into the container gradually. The learners are not able to see the accumulated number of boxes inside the container. They learn to focus and count by memorising them. The learners will subsequently convert the quantity as they memorised into another form: numbers (transduction).


The boy appears to be with a green shirt when he stands under the blue light. The moment when he leaves the blue beam, the colour of the shirt turns to yellow. Objects will appear in different colours under various colours of light. They absorb some colours and reflected other colours. The animation will show the results to the learners.


Some young learners find it difficult to understand math equations (e.g., 4+3=7). However, if the relationship of the numbers in the equation and the objects can be "orchestrated", it helps to develop the mental images in young learner's minds when they read the equations in future.



There are many cognitive benefits in learning if multimodal texts are applied properly in digital learning. The process of meaning making is different compare with the paper based learning materials.

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